OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to investigate the changes in topometry, tomography, and corneal densitometry in subclinical keratoconus (SK) at the 6-month interval.
METHODS: The clinical keratoconus and SK groups included 25 eyes; the control group included 22 eyes from 22 patients. Corneal topographic, tomographic, topometric, and densitometric values obtained using the Pentacam HR imaging system were analyzed.
RESULTS: Posterior elevation (PE), Keratoconus index (KI), index of height asymmetry (IHA), index of height decentration (IHD), Dp, Da, Final D, maximum pachymetric progression index (PPImax), and maximum Ambrósio relational thickness parameters showed significant changes between the baseline and the 6th-month follow-up in SK group (p<0.05 for all values). There were significant changes in all zones except a central layer of 610 zone, anterior, and central layer of 1012 zone between the baseline and the 6th-month follow-up in the SK group (p<0.05, for all values). The changes in mean±s-tandard deviation of KI, IHA, IHD, PPImax parameters, and corneal densitometry values of the posterior layer of 02 mm and 26 mm zones were significant in the SK group compared to the controls (p<0.05, for all values).
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: PE, KI, IHA, IHD, and PPImax parameters as well as increasing corneal light backscatter of the posterior central layer might be useful for follow-up of progression of SK. New multimeric parameters created by combinations of topometric, tomographic, and corneal densitometry parameters could be the future of SK follow-up.