ISSN: 2459 - 1777 | E-ISSN 2587-0394
Volume : 7 Issue : 1 Year : 2022
Management of Suprachoroidal Hemorrhage during Cataract Surgery: A Case Report [Beyoglu Eye J]
Beyoglu Eye J. 2022; 7(1): 66-70 | DOI: 10.14744/bej.2021.50455

Management of Suprachoroidal Hemorrhage during Cataract Surgery: A Case Report

Seher Köksaldı, Canan Aslı Utine, Mustafa Kayabaşı
Department of Ophthalmology, Dokuz Eylül University, Izmir, Turkey

A 61-year-old patient with end-stage liver cirrhosis was admitted for cataract surgery with corrected distance visual acuities (CDVAs) of 0.3, in both eyes. His international correction ratio (INR) for blood coagulation was 2.1 without any anticoagulants, and general anesthesia was contraindicated. He was deemed inoperable for liver transplantation. Two weeks after uneventful phacoemulsification in his right eye under topical anesthesia, he underwent phacoemulsification for the cataract in the left eye. However, during surgery, extensive zonular dialysis was noted and the surgery proceeded with extracapsular cataract extraction and anterior vitrectomy, during which a rapid suprachoroidal hemorrhage (SCH) was noted. The incisions were then rapidly sutured. Intravenous 150 cc of 18% mannitol and 2 mg midazolam and sublingual 5 drops of nifedipine were given, and he was placed in the slightly reverse-trendelenburg position. Following suturation of the incision, the globe was left aphakic, slightly hypertonic with no loss of vitreous through the incisions. The postoperative treatment regimen of topical prednisolone and moxifloxacin eye drops of each per hour, cyclopentolate three times a day, and peroral prednisolone 40 mg was commenced. Despite no retinal reflex on the first day and no light perception for 2 weeks, transscleral SCH evacuation with limited pars plana vitrectomy was performed in the postoperative third week. Despite recurrent hemorrhage and intravitreal inflammatory bands, choroidal detachments regressed slowly with the improvement of CDVA up to 0.6 with aphakic contact lens correction at 3 months. The patient passed away due to complications of liver cirrhosis at 6 months.

Keywords: Expulsive hemorrhage, phacoemulsification, suprachoroidal hemorrhage.

Seher Köksaldı, Canan Aslı Utine, Mustafa Kayabaşı. Management of Suprachoroidal Hemorrhage during Cataract Surgery: A Case Report. Beyoglu Eye J. 2022; 7(1): 66-70

Corresponding Author: Seher Köksaldı, Türkiye
Manuscript Language: English
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