ISSN: 2459 - 1777 | E-ISSN 2587-0394
Beyoglu Eye Journal Anxiety on children with low vision secondary to refractive errors [Beyoglu Eye J]
Beyoglu Eye J. Ahead of Print: BEJ-76993 | DOI: 10.14744/bej.2020.76993

Anxiety on children with low vision secondary to refractive errors

Sinan Bekmez1, Dilem Eris2, Irfan Perente3
1Department of Ophthalmology, University of Health Sciences Dr. Behcet Uz Child Disease and Pediatric Surgery Training and Research Hospital, Izmir, Turkey
2Department of Neonatology, University of Health Sciences Dr. Behcet Uz Child Disease and Pediatric Surgery Training and Research Hospital, Izmir, Turkey
3Department of Ophthalmology, Yuksek Ihtisas Training and Research Hospital, Bursa, Turkey

INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to evaluate the anxiety status of children with low vision due to refractive reasons by applying a questionnaire.
METHODS: Between July and November 2019, we applied The Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders (SCARED) questionnaire to the children who applied to our ophthalmology clinic and who had refraction defect (≥3D) with amblyopia. Children with low vision were evaluated based on their answers to the SCARED questionnaire.
RESULTS: 38 cases (22 females, 16 males) with low vision were included in our study. The average age of the participants was 9.74 ± 2.65 (7-12) years. The average of binocular vision was 0.28 ± 0.21 LogMAR. The mean total anxiety scores of the children were 21.68 ± 10.55. At least one type of anxiety was detected in 18 (47.4%) of the cases. A positive correlation and statistical significance were found between binocular low vision and anxiety (r = 0.63 and p < 0.001). It was observed that males were more prone to anxiety than females, a positive moderate correlation and statistical significance were found (r = 0.50 and p = 0.002).
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: Anxiety may develop in children with low vision and this anxiety is more closely associated with males than females (p = 0.002). In addition to this problem, psychological disorders can be seen in children with low vision. In order to evaluate this connection better, we think that large case series studies including visual impairment due to different reasons are needed.

Keywords: Anxiety, blindness, child, low vision, SCARED survey.



Corresponding Author: Sinan Bekmez, Türkiye
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