ISSN: 2459 - 1777 | E-ISSN 2587-0394
Volume : Issue : Year : 2021

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Beyoglu Eye Journal Evaluation of Macular Microcirculation in Healthy Children Using Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography [Beyoglu Eye J]
Beyoglu Eye J. 2021; 6(1): 43-48 | DOI: 10.14744/bej.2020.76588

Evaluation of Macular Microcirculation in Healthy Children Using Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

Yalçın Karaküçük1, Ayşegül Çömez2, Abdullah Beyoğlu2, Dilek Yaşa3
1Department of Ophthalmology, Selcuk University Faculty of Medicine, Konya, Turkey
2Department of Ophthalmology, Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University Faculty of Medicine, Kahramanmaras, Turkey
3Department of Ophthalmology, University of Health Science, Beyoglu Eye Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey

INTRODUCTION: This study was designed to evaluate macular perfusion in a healthy pediatric population using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA).
METHODS: Fifty-three eyes of 30 healthy children (20 boys and 10 girls) were included in this prospective, cross-sectional study. Age, gender, foveal thickness (FT), superficial foveal avascular zone area (FAZs), deep foveal avascular zone area (FAZd), superficial capillary plexus flow area (SCP), deep capillary plexus flow area (DCP), choriocapillaris flow area (CC), vascular density in the SCP (VDs), vascular density in the DCP (VDd), and subfoveal choroidal thickness (SFCT) were evaluated.
RESULTS: The mean age was 12.0±4.0 years (range: 6-15 years). Gender did not have a statistically significant influence on the FAZs or FAZd. However, there was a positive correlation between the CC and age (r=0.31; p=0.025). The FAZs and FAZd were negatively correlated with the FT (p<0.001). The VDd was positively correlated with the FT (p=0.03) and was negatively correlated with the FAZd (p=0.019).
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: The present study determined normative data of OCTA parameters in healthy children and provides useful insight into the relationship between age, macular microvascular networks, and the FAZ.

Keywords: Children, foveal avascular zone, optical coherence tomography angiography, vascular density

Yalçın Karaküçük, Ayşegül Çömez, Abdullah Beyoğlu, Dilek Yaşa. Evaluation of Macular Microcirculation in Healthy Children Using Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography. Beyoglu Eye J. 2021; 6(1): 43-48

Corresponding Author: Yalçın Karaküçük, Türkiye
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