ISSN: 2459-1777 | E-ISSN 2587-0394
Volume : 3 Issue : 2 Year : 2024
Beyoglu Eye Journal Deep Anterior Lamellar Keratoplasty Using the Big-Bubble Technique in Keratoconus [Beyoglu Eye J]
Beyoglu Eye J. 2018; 3(2): 75-79 | DOI: 10.14744/bej.2018.29292

Deep Anterior Lamellar Keratoplasty Using the Big-Bubble Technique in Keratoconus

Sibel Ahmet1, Nilay Kandemir2, Alper Agca2, Muhittin Taskpili2
1Department of Ophthalmology, Agri State Hospital, Agri, Turkey
2University of Healty Sciences, Beyoglu Eye Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey

INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate the visual outcomes and complications of deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK) performed using the big-bubble technique in patients with keratoconus.
METHODS: In this case series, 57 eyes of 57 patients with moderate to advanced keratoconus underwent DALK. All of the participants were contact lens-intolerant or had an unacceptable contact lens fitting as a result of advanced keratoconus. DALK was performed using the big-bubble technique. Full thickness donor corneas devoid of Descemet’s membrane were sutured to the recipient bed. Preoperative and postoperative best spectacle-corrected visual acuity (BSCVA), corneal topography, and intra-postoperative complications were evaluated.
RESULTS: The mean age of 40 male (70%) and 17 female (30%) patients who had an average follow-up of 48.84±18.12 months (range: 12–60 months) in this study was 28±11.3 years (range: 7–63 years) at the time of the DALK procedure. The mean BSCVA increased from 1.41±0.44 logMAR to 0.87±0.37 logMAR at the final follow-up (p<0.001). The mean preoperative value of flat (K1) and steep (K2) curvature power was 53.5±8.8 diopters (D) and 60.6 ± 8.5 D, respectively, while the postoperative mean K1 and K2 value was 42.8±1.2 D and 46.06±1.3 D. Microperforation was seen in 6 patients (10.5%) during the suturation as an intraoperative complication. Postoperatively, 8 patients (14%) underwent suture revision and 1 patient (0.2%) underwent amniotic membrane transplantation.
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: DALK using the big-bubble technique appears to be a safe and effective procedure in patients with keratoconus.

Keywords: Big-bubble, deep anterior lamellar, keratoconus, keratoplasty.

Sibel Ahmet, Nilay Kandemir, Alper Agca, Muhittin Taskpili. Deep Anterior Lamellar Keratoplasty Using the Big-Bubble Technique in Keratoconus. Beyoglu Eye J. 2018; 3(2): 75-79

Corresponding Author: Sibel Ahmet, Türkiye
Manuscript Language: English
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