OBJECTIVES: Choroidal vasculature change in children with diabetes mellitus is not investigated enough although it could reflect clinical outcome.
METHODS: Pediatric Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) patients and healthy controls were retrospectively evaluated. Peri-papillary retinal nerve fiber layer optical coherence tomography (OCT) images of the right eyes were analyzed. Choroidal parameters including total choroidal area, luminal area, stromal area, and choroidal vascularity index were measured through image binarization.
RESULTS: Twenty eyes of 20 patients were compared with 46 eyes of 46 healthy controls. Mean total choroidal area, luminal area, and stromal area were 1.59±0.35, 1.10±0.24, and 0.50±0.13 mm2 in patients eyes and 1.52±0.49, 1.05±0.34, and 0.47±0.17 mm2 in healthy eyes. No difference was found in choroidal vascularity indices between patients and healthy eyes (68.8±3.9% vs. 69.4±4.4%, p=0.521). Temporal choroidal vascularity index was significantly higher than its nasal counterpart in healthy eyes (71.8±5.0% vs. 68.6±4.9%, p<0.001) which was not significant in patients eyes (70.7±4.0% vs. 68.9±5.1%, p=0.067). Temporal quadrant had the highest choroidal vascularity index score among all quadrants in healthy controls (all p<0.05), whereas no choroidal vascularity index difference between quadrants was detected in patients (p=0.75).
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: Peripapillary choroidal vasculature has shown subtle sectoral changes which did not reflect the overall peri-papillary OCT section in pediatric T1DM patients when compared with healthy controls.