ISSN: 2459 - 1777 | E-ISSN 2587-0394
Volume : 6 Issue : 3 Year : 2021

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Beyoglu Eye Journal Assessment of the Effect of Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder on Choroidal Thickness Using Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography [Beyoglu Eye J]
Beyoglu Eye J. 2021; 6(3): 161-165 | DOI: 10.14744/bej.2021.09821

Assessment of the Effect of Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder on Choroidal Thickness Using Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography

Serkan Akkaya1, Döndü Melek Ulusoy2, Hatice Doğan3, Mahmut Erkam Arslan2
1Department of Ophthalmology, Ankara Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
2Department of Ophthalmology, Kayseri Training and Research Hospital, Kayseri, Turkey
3Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Kayseri Training and Research Hospital, Kayseri, Turkey

INTRODUCTION: This study was a comparison of the thickness of the choroid in pediatric patients with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and healthy pediatric controls.
METHODS: This study was comparative, cross-sectional, and observational in design. The healthy controls were age- and sex-matched with the members of the ADHD group and had no history of psychosis. Choroidal thickness was determined using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography.
RESULTS: A total of 138 patients were enrolled with a male: female ratio of 54 (69.2%): 24 (30.8%) in the ADHD group and 41 (68.3%): 19 (31.7%) in the control group (p=0.910). The ADHD patients had a mean age of 9.4±1.9 years (range: 6-12 years) and the controls had a mean age of 9.9±2.2 years (range: 6–12 years) (p=0.213). The ADHD group (n=78 eyes tested) had a significantly higher mean choroidal thickness at 1.5 mm (temporal-to-fovea, TTF) measurement than the controls (n=60 eyes tested) (281.12±46.63 μm vs. 264.40±48.61 μm, p=0.042). There were no significant differences in any of the other choroidal thickness measurements (p>0.05).
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: The choroidal thickness measurement (TTF) at 1.5 mm was significantly greater in the ADHD patients. These findings suggest that choroidal thickness alterations may have a potential role in the underlying etiology of ADHD.

Keywords: Attention defi, cit, choroid, hyperactivity, optical coherence tomography

Serkan Akkaya, Döndü Melek Ulusoy, Hatice Doğan, Mahmut Erkam Arslan. Assessment of the Effect of Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder on Choroidal Thickness Using Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography. Beyoglu Eye J. 2021; 6(3): 161-165

Corresponding Author: Serkan Akkaya, Türkiye
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