INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to present and compare 2 years results of mechanical photorefractive keratectomy (M-PRK) and transepithelial photorefractive keratectomy (T-PRK) for myopia.
METHODS: One hundred and nine eyes of 55 patients were included in this retrospective study. The mean age of the pa-tients was 26.9±5.2 years. Forty-four eyes (40.4%) had M-PRK and 65 eyes (59.6%) had T-PRK. Follow-up time was 2 years. Refractive errors (RE), uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA), and high-order corneal aberrations were compared.
RESULTS: The mean RE was −2.33±0.88 D and the mean UCVA was 0.24±0.17 logMAR at baseline for M-PRK patients. At month 24, those measurements were changed to −0.27±0.32 D and 0.99±0.04 logMAR. The mean RE was 2.19±0.73 D and the mean UCVA was 0.23 ± 0.15 logMAR at baseline for T-PRK patients. At month 24, those measurements were changed to −0.14±0.32 D and 0.99±0.01 logMAR. The mean REs significantly decreased and the mean UCVA significantly increased after both type of surgeries (all p<0.001). In M-PRK group, 4 mm zone total corneal aberration and 6 mm total-coma-spherical corneal aberrations were statistically significantly increased in post-operative term. In T-PRK group, only 6 mm total-spherical corneal aberrations were statistically significantly increased in post-operative term. There was no serious complication during surgeries or follow-up time.
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: M-PRK and T-PRK were a safe and effective in the treatment of myopia in 2 years term. Some high-order aberrations may be increase after those treatments.