INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT) at lowering intraocular pressure (IOP) as initial or adjunctive treatment in patients with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG).
METHODS: This was a prospective, comparative study. A total of 162 eyes of 81 patients with bilateral POAG were evaluated. The patients were categorized into 2 groups. SLT was performed as an adjunctive treatment in 42 POAG patients (Group 1, 84 eyes) and as initial treatment in 39 POAG patients (Group 2, 78 eyes).
RESULTS: The mean baseline IOP and post-SLT IOP for the entire study group was 23.3±4.8 mm Hg and 14.6±2.7 mm Hg, respectively. The mean percentage reduction of IOP post-SLT at the final visit was 34.5% in Group 1 and 40.5% in Group 2. The number of medications used in the Group 1 before SLT was 2.11±0.88 (range: 1-4), while after SLT, medication use decreased to 0.9 ±0.15 (range: 0-3). The mean length of follow-up was 49.85±8.2 weeks (range: 24-78 weeks).
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: SLT can be used effectively as a primary or an adjunctive therapy for the treatment of POAG. It was also effective at reducing the quantity of medications used. The reduction in IOP was similar in the primary and adjunctive group for up to 1 year of follow-up.