INTRODUCTION: This study was designed to evaluate the reliability of preoperative ultrasonography (USG) to detect tractional retinal detachment (TRD) in vitreous hemorrhage (VH) due to proliferative diabetic retinopathy.
METHODS: The medical records of patients with VH who underwent A- and B-scan ultrasonography prior to a vitrectomy between November 2016 and May 2017 were reviewed in this retrospective study. All of the patients were assessed using USG before surgery with 4-quadrant transverse and 1-quadrant longitudinal scans whether to determine if the VH was accompanied by TRD. The USG results were compared with the vitrectomy findings.
RESULTS: A total of 111 eyes of 106 patients with VH were evaluated. Twenty-three eyes were excluded from the study due to non-diabetic diagnoses, such as retinal vein-artery occlusion, trauma, intraocular mass, choroidal neovascular membrane, or macroaneurysm. The remaining 88 eyes with diabetic VH were included in the study. Preoperatively, VH alone was observed in 65 eyes (73.8%) and VH accompanied with TRD was determined in 23 eyes (26.2%) using USG. TRD was not found during the operation in 2 eyes (2.2%) diagnosed as VH with TRD by USG (false positive), and in 8 eyes (9.1%), TRD was detected during surgery though VH alone had been recorded based on the USG results (false negative).
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: USG is a reliable diagnostic tool that will provides accurate preoperative information about the presence of TRD in diabetic VH; however, in some cases TRD may go undetected, especially in eyes with peripherally localized or small TRD.