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Beyoglu Eye Journal The Optimal Cutoff Value of Neutrophil/Lymphocyte Ratio for Severe Grades of Diabetic Retinopathy [Beyoglu Eye J]
Beyoglu Eye J. 2019; 4(2): 76-81 | DOI: 10.14744/bej.2019.85698

The Optimal Cutoff Value of Neutrophil/Lymphocyte Ratio for Severe Grades of Diabetic Retinopathy

Çağrı İlhan1, Mehmet Çıtırık2, Mehmet Murat Uzel3, Kemal Tekin4
1Department of Ophthalmology, Hatay State Hospital, Hatay, Turkey
2Department of Ophthalmology, Ulucanlar Eye Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
3Department of Ophthalmology, Balikesir University, Balikesir, Turkey
4Department of Ophthalmology, Ercis State Hospital, Van, Turkey

INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to define the optimal cutoff value of the neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) to predict severe grades of diabetic retinopathy (DR).

METHODS: A total of 40 patients with proliferative DR (PDR) and 40 patients with severe non-proliferative DR (NPDR) were included this prospective, case control study, and 35 age- and sex-matched healthy subjects were recruited as a control group. White blood cell (WBC) count mean values and ratios were compared between the groups.

RESULTS: The groups were statistically similar in terms of age and sex. The neutrophil, lymphocyte, monocyte, platelet counts, and main platelet volume (MPV) values were similar in all 3 groups (all p values >0.05). The mean NLR was 2.67±1.02 in the PDR cases, 2.16±0.58 in severe NPDR, and 1.85±0.49 in the control group, which represented a statistically significant difference between the 3 groups (p=0.003). In post-hoc analysis, the NLR of the PDR and severe NPDR groups was statistically significantly greater than that of the control group (p=0.002 and p=0.048, respectively), but there was no statistically significant difference between the PDR and severe NPDR groups (p=0.083). The monocyte/lymphocyte, platelet/lymphocyte, and MPV/lymphocyte ratios were also similar in all 3 groups (all p values >0.05).

DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: An NLR value of 2.11 or more predicted DR (PDR or severe NPDR) with a sensitivity of 76% and a specificity of 80%.

Keywords: Neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio, proliferative diabetic retinopathy, severe nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy.

Çağrı İlhan, Mehmet Çıtırık, Mehmet Murat Uzel, Kemal Tekin. The Optimal Cutoff Value of Neutrophil/Lymphocyte Ratio for Severe Grades of Diabetic Retinopathy. Beyoglu Eye J. 2019; 4(2): 76-81

Corresponding Author: Çağrı İlhan, Türkiye
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