ISSN: 2459 - 1777 | E-ISSN 2587-0394
Beyoglu Eye Journal Serum Vitamin D Level and Body Mass Index in Children with Vernal Keratoconjunctivitis [Beyoglu Eye J]
Beyoglu Eye J. 2020; 5(2): 102-107 | DOI: 10.14744/bej.2020.75047

Serum Vitamin D Level and Body Mass Index in Children with Vernal Keratoconjunctivitis

Gonul Karatas Durusoy1, Yalcin Karakucuk2, Beril Tulu Aygun3, Banu Solmaz3
1Department of Ophthalmology, Dr. Ersin Arslan Training and Research Hospital, Gaziantep, Turkey
2Department of Ophthalmology, Selcuk University, Konya, Turkey
3Department of Ophthalmology, University of Health Sciences, Beyoglu Eye Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey

INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the body mass index (BMI) value and serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D3] level in children with vernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC).
METHODS: A total of 40 healthy, non-atopic children (control group) and 46 children with VKC (study group) were included in the study. The serum vitamin D [25(OH)D3] levels and BMI values were measured and compared between the 2 groups.
RESULTS: The mean vitamin D level measured in the healthy children (mean: 19.01±5.66 ng/mL, range: 9–33.09 ng/mL) was significantly different from the mean vitamin D level in the VKC-affected children (mean: 14.06±5.02 ng/mL, range 4.37–31 ng/mL) (p<0.001). The mean BMI in the VKC group (17.1±2.5 kg/m2) was significantly higher than the mean BMI of the healthy children (mean: 16.5±2.3 kg/m2; p=0.046). A negative correlation (Spearman’s rho=-0.275; p=0.01) was observed between the vitamin D level and the BMI value.
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: The results indicated that children with VKC had a lower serum vitamin D level and a higher BMI value compared with healthy, age- and sex-matched children.

Keywords: Body mass index, correlation, serum 25 (OH)D3, vernal keratoconjunctivitis, vitamin D deficiency.

Gonul Karatas Durusoy, Yalcin Karakucuk, Beril Tulu Aygun, Banu Solmaz. Serum Vitamin D Level and Body Mass Index in Children with Vernal Keratoconjunctivitis. Beyoglu Eye J. 2020; 5(2): 102-107

Corresponding Author: Gonul Karatas Durusoy, Türkiye
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